"No, I never want to feel the pain
Of remembering how it used to be
Never gonna fall in love again
-Eric Carmen, NEVER GONNA FALL IN LOVE AGAIN
"Everything will be okay in the end.
If it's not okay, it's not the end."
"The birds and the bees
And the flowers and the trees
And the moon up above
And a thing called "Love"
-Jewel Akens, The Birds and the Bees
Then in 1861, as now in 2019, New York City was the nation’s financial hub, and had made its reputation—and the lion’s share of its revenues—by supplying goods and services to the American slave South. Thus, it was no surprise that New York City flirted with leaving New York State and the Union before the Civil War even unfolded since was tied economically to the South and had become rich. The reasons were decades in the making, but the sentiment was never more pointed than on January 6, 1861, when New York Mayor Fernando Wood addressed the city council. “It would seem that a dissolution of the Federal Union is inevitable,” he observed, noting the sympathy joining New York to “our aggrieved brethren of the Slave States” and suggesting that the city declare its own independence from the Union. “When Disunion has become a fixed and certain fact, why may not New York disrupt the bands which bind her to a venal and corrupt master—to a people and a party that have plundered her revenues, attempted to ruin her, take away the power of self-government, and destroyed the Confederacy of which she was the proud Empire City?”
Corrupt to the core, three-time mayor Wood was handsome and charming—and a crook and a racist. He bribed the police, made a fortune selling public offices and offered immigrants naturalization in exchange for their votes. As Harper’s Weekly reported in 1857, New York under Wood was “a huge semi-barbarous metropolis…not well-governed nor ill-governed, but simply not governed at all.”
Slavery wasn't so much a moral evil as an economic necessity, according to Mayor Fernando Wood, a former shipping merchant who well knew the city's dependence on the South's slave economy. Slavery wasn't so much a moral evil as an economic necessity.
Of all the cities in America, New York was the most invested in the transatlantic slave trade. New York’s ship owners built their vessels to accommodate large slave cargoes; its businessmen financed and invested in the voyages and its seamen made the trips. The profits realized from a single slaving expedition were staggering: A slave purchased for $40 worth of cloth, beads or whiskey would sell for between $400 and $1,200 on the blocks of Charleston, Mobile, Rio de Janeiro or Havana. With the sale of an average cargo of 800 slaves bringing as much as $960,000—a sum equaling tens of millions in today’s currency—many a ship owner, investor and captain grew wealthy from the proceeds of a single successful voyage.
"Only you can hear my soul, only you can hear my soul
-Alessandro Safina, LUNA
Take me on a trip, I'd like to go some day
Take me to New York, I'd love to see L.A.
I really want to come kick it with you
You'll be my American boy
-Estelle (feat. Kanye West), AMERICAN BOY
It seems that all the autumn leaves are falling